Michigan by the Numbers:
Key Statistical Data and Facts

Key Details

  • As of 2022, Michigan is one of the most populous states in the US, with a population of 10,034,113.
  • In 2022, the racial composition of Michigan residents comprised 74.2% white alone, 14.1% Black or African-American alone, 5.6% Hispanic or Latino, 3.4% Asian alone, and 0.7% American Indian and Alaska Native alone.
  • Gretchen Whitmer, a Democrat, became the 49th governor of Michigan in 2019.
  • In 2022, 30.6% of individuals 25 years and older had a bachelor’s degree or above, compared to 91.6% who had a high school diploma or higher.
  • In May 2023, the unemployment rate was 3.7%
  • In 2021, Michigan’s median household income was estimated to be $63,202, a 7% rise from the period between 2011 and 2021.

Michigan Population Demographics

Michigan is one of the most populous states in the US. According to US Census estimates, the Wolverine State has a population of 10,034,113 residents as of 2022. This number comprises 5.5% of persons aged five years and younger, 21.4% of persons under 18 years, and 18.1% of persons aged 65 years and over. Michigan’s population has a near-even gender split, with 49.6% female and 50.4% male. While the population grew by 1.9% between 2010 and 2020, it declined by 0.4% between 2020 and 2022.

Michigan Housing

4,611,660 housing
The US Census estimates that Michigan has 4,611,660 housing units, including 3,976,729 households (as of 2022).
The average household size in the state from 2017 to 2021 was 2.48 people.
Owners inhabited 72.2% of housing units, and 87.3% of them had residents who had been there more than a year.
In 2020, 73% of the total apartments in Minnesota were owner-occupied, while tenants occupied 27% of the state’s total housing units.
The average median monthly owner costs with a mortgage during the time period was $1,374.
While the median value for owner-occupied homes was $172,100
The average monthly costs ranged from $221 (mobile home lot) to $3500 depending on the county and kind of residence.

Michigan Racial Demographics


According to the US Census in 2022, around 14.1% of Michigan’s population was black or African-American, while 3.4% were Asian. 2.7% of the state’s population had at least two different racial origins as of 2022, while at least 74.2% were white.

  • White only
  • Black or African-American alone
  • Asian alone

Less than 700,000 residents, or roughly 6.9% of the population by race, are foreign-born in Michigan. White people who are non-Hispanic make up the majority—more than 74.2%.

Black or African American14.1%
White alone (not Hispanic or Latino)74.2%
Asian alone3.4%
American Indians and Alaskan Natives alone0.7%
Two or more races2.7%
Hispanic or Latino5.6%

Elections in Michigan

As of 2023, Michigan’s government is a Democratic Trifecta consisting of Democratic control of the state’s Michigan congressional delegation, state Michigan legislature, and the Michigan Governor’s office. Gretchen Whitmer, a Democrat, became the 49th governor of Michigan in 2019.

Since Michigan became a state in 1837, the state has elected Democratic and Republican candidates into office. Between 1969 and 2019, there has been an alternation in the Governor’s Office between the Democratic and Republican parties.

  • 1969-1983 - Gov. William Milliken (Republican)
  • 1983-1991 - Gov. James Blanchard (Democratic)
  • 1991-2003 - Gov. John Engler (Republican)
  • 2003-2011 - Gov. Jennifer Granholm (Democrat)
  • 2011-2019 - Gov. Rick Synder (Republican)

2020 Presidential Election

In 2020, Democratic Candidate Joe Biden won the state of Michigan, securing 50.62% (or 2,804,040) of the votes. His opponent, Republican candidate Donald Trump, won 47.84% or (2,649,8520) of the votes cast. A total of 5,539,302 were cast during the election, most of which was split between the Democrat and Republican candidates. The Libertarian, Green, Constitution Party, Natural Law, and write-ins accounted for less than 1.6% of cast votes.

Joe Biden

50.62% of votes

Donald Trump

47.84% of votes

Michigan Voting Statistics

As of 2023, Michigan has 8.176,088 registered voters. Of this number, 390,526 are inactive and slated for cancellation in 2025, while 85,689 are slated for cancellation in 2027. With 1,416,653 registrations, Wayne County accounts for almost a sixth of registered voters, while Oakland County accounts for almost one out of 8 registered voters (1,034,846). In contrast, Ontonagon, Luce, and Keweenaw have the least number of voters, with 5,688, 4,630, and 2,079, respectively.

General and Gubernatorial Election

YearVoter TurnoutTurnout Percentage (Voting Age Population)

How Educated is Michigan

Between 2017 and 2021, 91.6 of residents aged 25 years and older had a high school diploma, while 30.6% had a Bachelor's degree or higher. However, the education ratio varied with different races and age groups. According to the 2021 Census ACS survey, 93.6% of whites had a high school diploma or higher, compared to 87.8% of blacks, 90.3% of Asians, and 77.8% of Latinos. Similarly, approximately three out of every ten persons aged 45 years or older had a Bachelor's degree or higher, compared to 3.5 persons for residents between the ages of 25 and 44 years.

As of 2023, Michigan had over 80 colleges and universities, including public and private institutions. The University of Michigan-Ann Arbor had the highest number of enrolled students, with 50,000+ students, ahead of Michigan State University (49,000+), Wayne State University (24,000+), and Grand Valley State University (22,000+).

Michigan Employment Rate

In May 2023, Michigan had a 3.7% unemployment, lower than the 4.3% recorded in December 2022. This translates to roughly 4,624,3000 employed and 209,100 unemployed from the civilian workforce of 4,833,000 workers. 8.7% of workers were self-employed in incorporated or unincorporated businesses. Between 2017 and 2021, workers aged 16+ had a mean commute time of 24.5 minutes.

Employment was highest among the Education-and-health services, manufacturing, and professional-and-business services sector, with roughly 677,900, 607,600, and 663,900 jobs. Employment within the mining-and-logging sector grew the most, increasing by 7.5% between 2022 and 2023. In contrast, employment within the Financial Activities sector shrank by 2.4%.

Average Income in Michigan

In 2020, Michigan had a mean household income of $86,093 and a median income of $63,498. Married couple families earned a mean income of $119,645, while non-family households earned $52,407. Approximately 6.7% of households earned $200,000 or more, while 6.9% earned between $150,000 and $199,999. Approximately 10% of households earned less than $14,999, while 16.5% earned between $15,000 and $34,999. 18.4% of families earned between $50,000 to $74,999 compared to 17.3% of nonfamily households.

Families in Michigan

Michigan Marriage Rates

15 years
47.7% of persons

According to US Census Data, 47.7% of persons aged 15 years and over were married as of 2021. A breakdown of the data reveals 46.4% of females in this age range were married compared to 49.1% of males. In contrast, 33.9% had never been married, and 5.7% were widowed. Six out of ten males or females between 35 and 64 years were married. However, while almost seven out of ten males (68.4%) over 65 years were married, roughly 4.5 out of ten women (46.4%) were married in the same age group. Less than 1.5% of males or females between 15 and 19 were married.

Among racial groups, 52.1% of whites older than 15 were married, compared to 58.9% of Asians, 24.5% of Black or African Americans. According to data for the same group, 42.1% of Hispanic or Latinos were married, as were 36.9% of American Indians and Alaskan Natives.

Michigan Divorce Rates

In 2021, Michigan had a divorce rate of 2.3 divorces per 1,000 residents. Roughly 11.5% of residents aged 15 years and older were divorced, while 1.2% were separated. A further breakdown reveals 10.2% of males older than 15 were divorced, compared to 12.8% of females. Roughly 1.6 out of ten men older than 45 years were divorced, while 1 out of ten men between the ages of 35 and 44 were divorced. In comparison, 1.8 out of 10 women older than 45 years were divorced, compared to 1.2 out of ten women between 35 and 44 years were divorced.

Divided by racial demographics, divorce percentages were highest with American Indian or Alaskan Natives (19%), followed by Black or African Americans (12.8%) and White alone (11.8%). 8.9% of Hispanics aged 15 years and over were divorced, compared to 4.8% of Asians in the same age category.

Life Expectancy in Michigan

According to the National Center for Health Statistics, as of 2021, Michigan has a life expectancy at birth of 76.9 years. The life expectancy for females is 79.2, while that of males is 73.6 years, both lower than the national average. Heart disease is the leading cause of death. In 2021, it accounted for 26,664 fatalities. Other leading causes of death in the state include cancer (21,211 deaths), Covid 19 (13,637), and accidents (6,541).  

Roughly 40% of births in 2021 were to unmarried mothers. Roughly 33 out of 100 live births were via Cesarean delivery, and 10.6% of births were preterm. 6.5 infant deaths occurred for every 1,00 live births. The state also had a fertility rate of 55.4 births per 100 females (between the ages of 15 and 44) and a teen birth rate of 12.2 births per 1000 females (between the ages of 15 and 19).

Michigan Crime Rates

According to the MICR, in 2021, Michigan recorded 158,831 crimes against persons, 237.667 property crimes, and 116,637 crimes against society. Larceny was the most common property crime, with 73,765 offenses, including larceny-purse-snatching, larceny-theft-from-a-building. and larceny-theft-from-a-motor-vehicle. Michigan also recorded 746 cases of murder or non-negligent manslaughter (voluntary) and 192 cases of parental kidnapping.

All told, the state recorded 155,312 arrests. 73.% of persons arrested were male, while 58.4% were white. In comparison, 37.5% of persons arrested were black, while 0.4% were Asian. Roughly one out of every two people arrested was between the age of 25 and 39.

Michigan Incarceration Rate

337 persons per 100,000
According to the National Institute of Correction, as of 2020, Michigan has an incarceration rate of 337 persons per 100,000 residents and a parolee rate of 172 persons per 100,000 residents.
Over 33,000 persons were imprisoned.
While 13,461 were out on parole.
The state also had more than 118,500 individuals in its probation population.
88 jails
As of 2023, Michigan has 88 jails located across 83 countries.
With a jail population of 17.020 inmates and over 11,900 employees, the state has a prison budget of $2,060,788,400.

Michigan Bankruptcy Rate

16,949 bankruptcy filings

In 2022, Michigan recorded 16,949 bankruptcy filings. Chapter 7 cases accounted for nearly 60% of the cases, with 11,718 filings. Michigan also recorded 5,166 Chapter 13 cases and 63 Chapter 11 bankruptcy filings. The number of bankruptcy filings in 2022 was the lowest recorded in 20 years, except for 2021 (16,922 filings).

According to the American Banking Institute, the Wolverine State also recorded 213 business bankruptcy cases, 117 of which were Chapter 7. Others included 59 Chapter 11s and 35 Chapter 13. Compared to other states, the total filings in Michigan (relative to the population) were 27% above the national average.  

Weird Laws in Michigan

The Wolverine State is governed by hundreds of statutes designed to protect citizens and preserve order in the state. However, a few laws may leave you shaking your head. Some weird laws in Michigan include:

  • In Detroit, residents are prohibited from tying alligators to fire hydrants.
  • Robbers injured on a property can file a lawsuit against the owners.
  • In Harper Woods, Michigan, it's illegal to sell sparrows that have been painted to look like Parakeets.
  • In Detroit, Michigan, it's illegal to scowl at a woman
  • Women may not cut their hair without their spouse's permission.
  • In Rochester, Michigan, all bathing suits must first pass inspection by the head of police.

Cities in Michigan

Table of contents

Cities in Michigan